He portrays More as the ideal humanist who thinks for himself. He explains that he wants to draw the lessons that interest a modern audience. The integrity of Sir Thomas More can be admired from many angles. For instance, More is read today by socialists for his ideas of common ownership in his book, Utopia , and by Catholics as a canonized saint for defending the Catholic Church. A man for all seasons. Bolt does not emphasize the More who was a conservative trying to preserve the Catholic Church against the inroads of Protestantism, but the man who stood for English law against tyranny.
More had debated with Martin Luther in pamphlets and hated the breakdown of social order he felt Lutheranism and other Protestant sects represented.
He stood for the old medieval unity of the Catholic Church on the one hand, at the same time he embraced rational reform through the humanist ideal of examining all ideas through reason. In one sense, Henry could be seen as the modern ruler who gave birth to English Protestantism and nationalism, while More was the conservative holding on to the old order. Bolt chooses, however, to see Henry as the old-fashioned tyrant and More as the modern rationalist. What he likes about More is that he is not led by others and creates a model of individual liberty.
He refutes the idea that More is only a religious martyr, for his heroism appeals to all freedom-loving people. What political philosophies are embedded in the play? Machiavelli lived in Florence, Italy, in a time of war and political turmoil. He observed what he felt were certain pragmatic qualities of rulers who could create stability, the bottom line for him in good statesmanship. In order to create and maintain a stable state, a ruler should have the public image of being fair to his people, but may resort to fear, cruelty, and manipulation to achieve his ends.
He must have a strong army and not be afraid to use force to gain respect and control. Force and prudence must be combined in successful rule.
Machiavelli was felt to be immoral by many thinkers at the time because religion and ethics did not play a part in his advice to rulers. Today, however, he is honored as the first pragmatic political scientist, and his treatises on how republics work Discourses on Livy , are more characteristic of the value of his total work. Cromwell in the play is also a student of Machiavelli and takes seriously the darker advice about using any means to achieve his ends.
The other side of the argument is represented by More in the play and by the work of the historical Sir Thomas More, Utopia Utopia presents an ideal society where the citizens are virtuous through reason, not force.
There is no private ownership and everyone is taken care of, so there is little or no crime. The people are all educated and have time to use their intellects and reason, thus raising them above a mere animal life of survival. They eschew war and embrace religious tolerance. In his book, More criticizes the way European nations were ruled with brutality, but to avoid censure, he sets up the book as a debate between the ideal and the real.
He does not officially advocate one or the other but presents a rational alternative to violence for the reader to consider. More is not portrayed as a religious fanatic, but as a reasonable man who simply cannot say yes to someone else having sovereignty over his conscience or ruling him through fear.
The fear that such wars would break out again without Henry having a legitimate male heir is mentioned by Wolsey in the play and was a real fear, the kind of instability that Machiavelli referred to in The Prince.
Certainly Henry felt no qualms about using any methods to achieve his end of securing his dynasty. Although he is known for his excesses six wives, executing rivals and those who disagreed, persecution of Protestants, sacking and dissolving the monasteries, excessive spending of the wealth inherited from his father, dissolute behavior , he began to fashion the modern state of England by setting up a national church free of Rome the Church of England , founding the Royal Navy, and by politically joining England and Wales.
Henry was a Renaissance Man, a man educated in the new ideas of humanist rationalism, exemplified in his friend, Sir Thomas More. He was an accomplished musician, author, and poet. He was known for his dedication to religion, and his early treatise in Latin, Defence of the Seven Sacraments, won him a title from the Pope, Defender of the Faith.
He excelled at sports and hunting. These abilities are brought out in the play, largely by Henry himself at the scene in Chelsea, where he boasts to Margaret. More had been the friend of Henry, admired for his wisdom and wit and honesty. Albert Camus was a French author and philosopher of existentialism and absurdism. In his writings The Rebel, The Stranger, The Myth of Sisyphus he developed the idea of a universe benignly indifferent to human concerns.
Life has no inherent meaning except the meaning the individual constructs for him or herself. Life is not rational or fair: This can produce anxiety, and this is why most people like the unimaginative Norfolk cling to convention and do not question their world. They prefer not to think. It is a philosophy that does not make reference to God or to divine intervention.
Humans create and define themselves on their own terms. There is the religious answer, that he believed he would damn his own soul, that he wanted to stand up for God.
By standing up for what he believes in, even to the point of dying for it, More creates his own self, his boundaries, his integrity. This makes More an existential hero of a sort. Bertolt Brecht was a German poet, playwright, and director. He was a Marxist who used the theater as a forum for political ideas and experimented with avant-garde staging and language to produce certain effects. He invented an epic theatre in which the audience would not identify with characters but rather reflect on and criticize the drama of history.
Not wanting the audience to leave the theater complacent, he avoided an emotional catharsis or vicarious resolution. The purpose was to arouse the audience at injustice. He used techniques that remind the spectator that they are watching a play, in order to get them to see that we are the ones who create our reality.
Bolt uses some of these techniques. He is both the link between scenes and a character in the scenes. He suddenly steps forth and breaks the mood by changing from one character to another in front of the audience, or directly addresses it to make comments. He thus includes the audience in the making of the play and in the making of history. The laws are also reasonable and ethical. In case the civil laws are deeming to be unfair, then the congress or the parliament can amend it.
On the other hand, Henry firmly insists on the absolute power hat has no power checks. He takes over both the state and he church and anyone who stands by his way get executed. His decisions are not based on virtue or reason; rather they are founded on his own personal will. The position articulated by Sir Thomas More is that of a future the civil rights , and King Henry makes use of his traditional decree and authority in ruling rather than making use of the law or consensus, though both embrace the newly formed humanistic learning which taught the reason primacy.
More is accused by Roper that the laws are his own good. However, more denies this and affirms that all the individual siding by king anticipates that they shall be saved are ultimately through his insatiable power cut down. More occasionally would rouse his fellow countrymen in defending the law which avails them to them safety, and also avails to them the basic rights and freedom. Feel free to buy a custom essay on this movie at AdvancedWriters.
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A Man For All Seasons essays A Man for All Seasons Values and morals are often instilled in people as they grow up, but the extent to which people choose to follow these principles can be swayed by personal and selfish desires. In the play A Man For All Seasons, we see that.
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Essay A Man For All Seasons Words | 9 Pages. In the play A Man For All Seasons, the main character is Sir Thomas More. Sir Thomas is the Chancellor of England and a very religious man. Essay on A Man For All Seasons, by Fred Zinnemann - The movie A Man For All Seasons follows the diplomatic life of Sir Thomas More. The movie opens with Sir Thomas, who was a type of judge in an appeals court.
The making of a martyr is composed of many things, including death. Sir Thomas More only became a martyr recently, but he died over years ago, and did so in much controversy. The dissension over his death has spawned the play A Man for All Seasons, in which the author, Robert Bolt, depicts his 3/5(9). The A Man For All Seasons Community Note includes chapter-by-chapter summary and analysis, character list, theme list, historical context, author biography and quizzes written by community members like you.