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International Journal of Academic Research and Development


❶Abstracts and full texts of all articles published in the journals can be read online without any form of restriction. This journal uses double-blind review, which means that both the reviewer and author identities are concealed from the reviewers, and vice versa, throughout the review process.

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Welcome to International Journal of Advanced Research

Opponents of marijuana legalization argue that it is too dangerous to use, lacks FDA approval, and has adverse health consequences, and increased societal costs. The goal of this study is to offer an up-to-date overview of the existing information available on the impact of marijuana legalization on the society in marijuana-legal states.

An accurate view of this subject would contribute to increased knowledge and improved awareness among people towards marijuana. However, the nationwide effect of legalizing marijuana remains an open question requiring further research and studies. The healing process demands energy-protein needs higher than the normal requirement. Nutritional support in bloody areas is essential since it restores the capacity of the immune response facilitating healing, promotes angiogenesis and cell proliferation.

To evaluate the effect of glutamine and hydroxymethylbutyrate supplementation on the cells involved in the healing of bloody areas. Clinical, experimental, longitudinal, prospective, comparative, randomized trial in patients with diagnosis of bloody areas. Divided into control group and treatment group wich received supplementation with glutamine 14g and hydroxymethylbutyrate 3g during 15 days. Tissue samples were taken for histopathologic evaluation. No side effects were reported. The mixture of glutamine and Hydroxymethylbutyrate has a positive effect in the cells involved in the inflammatory and proliferative phase of healing.

Diouf and Abdoulaye Dieng. This study aimed to define socioeconomic functions, traditional management practices and constraints related to the production of Ndama cattle in the Kolda region of southern Senegal.

It was carried out in the departments of Kolda and Medina Yoro Fulha, using a semi-structured survey. The results indicate that most of the farmers interviewed Fulani ethnic breeders are mainly and represent Farms are created in various ways and their average age is The Ndama breed constitutes almost the entire cattle herd.

However, some Gobra cattle and the products of their crossing with the Ndama and various mixed race from artificial insemination, are also found. Cattle occupy a major place in the rural area of Kolda. In effect, they play the role of bank and insurance.

Moreover, they contribute to the development of agriculture by providing traction force and manure for soil fertilization. The mode of conduct is extensive with gathering herds during wintering, and dismembering them during the post-harvest season.

The constraints that breeders face are numerous, but problems of health and food constitute major constraints. The number of Gobra zebu representing 2. However, it is important to monitor their progress as they are increasingly used by breedersas spawners to improve productivity. The exercises employed consisted of walking in water and aquatic aerobics as a warm up regimen of 10 minutes followed by swimming for thirty minutes and then Ai Chi technique of relaxation as a cool down regimen for another 10 minutes.

All the subjects participated in the exercise program for 4 weeks. Article Types Three types of manuscripts may be submitted: These should describe new and carefully confirmed findings, and experimental procedures should be given in sufficient detail for others to verify the work. The length of a full paper should be the minimum required to describe and interpret the work clearly. A Short Communication is suitable for recording the results of complete small investigations or giving details of new models or hypotheses, innovative methods, techniques or apparatus.

The style of main sections need not conform to that of full-length papers. Short communications are 2 to 4 printed pages about 6 to 12 manuscript pages in length. Submissions of reviews and perspectives covering topics of current interest are welcome and encouraged.

Reviews should be concise and no longer than printed pages about 12 to 18 manuscript pages. Reviews are also peer-reviewed. Review Process All manuscripts are reviewed by an editor and members of the Editorial Board or qualified outside reviewers.

The editorial board will re-review manuscripts that are accepted pending revision. Regular articles All portions of the manuscript must be typed double-spaced and all pages numbered starting from the title page. The Title should be a brief phrase describing the contents of the paper. The Title Page should include the authors' full names and affiliations, the name of the corresponding author along with phone, fax and E-mail information.

Present addresses of authors should appear as a footnote. The Abstract should be informative and completely self-explanatory, briefly present the topic, state the scope of the experiments, indicate significant data, and point out major findings and conclusions. The Abstract should be to words in length. Complete sentences, active verbs, and the third person should be used, and the abstract should be written in the past tense. Standard nomenclature should be used and abbreviations should be avoided.

No literature should be cited. Following the abstract, about 3 to 10 key words that will provide indexing reference should be listed. A list of non-standard Abbreviations should be added. In general, non-standard abbreviations should be used only when the full term is very long and used often. Each abbreviation should be spelled out and introduced in parentheses the first time it is used in the text. Only recommended SI units should be used.

The Introduction should provide a clear statement of the problem, the relevant literature on the subject, and the proposed approach or solution. It should be understandable to colleagues from a broad range of scientific disciplines. Materials and methods should be complete enough to allow experiments to be reproduced. However, only truly new procedures should be described in detail; previously published procedures should be cited, and important modifications of published procedures should be mentioned briefly.

Capitalize trade names and include the manufacturer's name and address. Subheadings should be used. Methods in general use need not be described in detail. Results should be presented with clarity and precision. The results should be written in the past tense when describing findings in the authors' experiments. Previously published findings should be written in the present tense.

Results should be explained, but largely without referring to the literature. Discussion, speculation and detailed interpretation of data should not be included in the Results but should be put into the Discussion section.

The Discussion should interpret the findings in view of the results obtained in this and in past studies on this topic. State the conclusions in a few sentences at the end of the paper. The Results and Discussion sections can include subheadings, and when appropriate, both sections can be combined. The Acknowledgments of people, grants, funds, etc should be brief.

Tables should be kept to a minimum and be designed to be as simple as possible. Tables are to be typed double-spaced throughout, including headings and footnotes. Each table should be on a separate page, numbered consecutively in Arabic numerals and supplied with a heading and a legend.

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The International Journal of Academic Research is an international, open-access, on line journal in English published Quartely. The aim of IJAR is to publish peer reviewed research and review articles in all academic field s without any delay. International Journal of Academic Research and Development is peer-reviewed, indexed and refereed journal and is designed to publish research articles in Language, Literature, Science, Social Sciences and Humanities.

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