People write and sing and dance and dream about it. People fight over it. And all people, everywhere and every day, need it. We need it for drinking, for cooking, for washing, for food, for industry, for energy, for transport, for rituals, for fun, for life. And it is not only we humans who need it; all life is dependent on water to survive.
But we stand today on the brink of a global water crisis. The two major legacies of the 20 th Century - the population and technological explosions - have taken their toll on our water supply. More people lack drinking water today than they did two decades ago. More and more freshwater sources are being used-up and contaminated. Modern technologies have allowed us to harness much of the world's water for energy, industry and irrigation - but often at a terrible social and environmental price - and many traditional water conservation practices have been discarded along the way.
Most of the solutions to the crisis must be developed and implemented locally, and always with the view that water is not to be taken for granted, or unjustly appropriated by particular groups for particular needs. Water is the most important single element needed in order for people to achieve the universal human right to "a standard of living adequate for the health and well-being of himself and his family.
Let us acknowledge that clean water is a universal human right, and in so doing accept that we have the corresponding universal responsibility to ensure that the forecast of a world where, in 25 years' time, two out of every three persons face water-stress is proven wrong. In this issue, United Nations' Secretary General Kofi Annan asks us to face up to the threat of a catastrophic water crisis and counter such bleak forecasts by adopting a new spirit of stewardship.
To do otherwise would be nothing less than a crime and history will rightly judge current generations harshly for it. The world's growing population should be seen not only as one of the causes of the water crisis, but also as the source of its solution, as is stressed by Former President of the Philippines, Fidel Ramos, using the example of the enormous potential of people-power in South East Asia. Human solidarity is the only force capable of facing a task of this magnitude.
There must be solidarity in international and regional governance; there must be solidarity between sectors and stakeholders; and there must be political will amongst governments to work in good faith both with their neighbors and with their own people. These people, including often marginalized groups such as women and minorities, must have a voice, and the information and means necessary to use it. Without water security, social, economic and national stability are imperiled.
This is magnified where water flows across borders - and becomes crucial in regions of religious, territorial or ethnic tension.
In some cases, as between India and Pakistan over the Indus River, successful cooperation over water resources can be cited as proof that even states with difficult relations can work together.
In other cases, the opportunities to improve regional relations which a common watercourse presents have not yet been grasped. Water has been a fundamental security matter in the arid Middle East since antiquity. The allocation, use and rights to the increasingly scarce water resources of this volatile region remain sensitive, and potentially explosive, issues.
Water is also largely sidelined, or hidden, in the mainstream peace negotiations. Presence of water-means also the presence of other ingredients of life. The total replenishes able, ground water resources in the country have been estimated at There is often scarcity of drinking water. There are droughts and famines causing untold misery, death and destruction. Today there are thousands of villages and towns acing an acute drinking water-shortage.
The then Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi had to launch a dirking water mission and programmed in to meet the drinking water requirements. But the investigations have shown that a large percentage of drinking water schemes remain non-functional for a very long time of the year and so the safe and potable water in no available to the people.
A team of scientists and researchers of Centre for Sconce and Environment, New Delhi ha shade detailed study of the problem, its dimensions and solution. They have emphasized the need to traditional wisdom of water harvesting.
They have given many details and data nod proved how useful it can be to make use of our time-tasted, age-old and traditional water harvesting system. These traditional methods of water harvesting have been in constant practice form time immemorial in the country, among various communities and villages.
Heavy showers are not uncommon in the country. It receives rain for about hours each year spread over about 50 days in a year. Cherapunji in India is the wettest place in the world which receives annual rainfall of about 15, mm and yet the village often faces drinking water shortage because of side spread deforestation resulting in drying up of water sources soon after torrential rainy season is over.
On the other hand, Jaywalker in Rajasthan has just about mm of annual rainfall and yet this desert town was able to collect enough water for its use. But it too has started facing the drinking water shortages of late since government water supply system has begun bass on tapping of limited ground water neglecting traditional wisdom of water.
The problem of over-exploitation and pollution of our water resources is really grave.
This essay will claim that the main reasons for water scarcity which contribute to human activities will accelerate water decreasing, and that effects such as human health and food production will also be impacted by water shortage.
Water Scarcity Essay. and droughts, and all of them result from human activity. Water scarcity is one of the biggest challenges because safe drinking water is reducing year by year. Nothing can survive without water as well as human beings so it is necessary to protect clean water from decreasing from now on.
Essay about Water Scarcity and Possible Solutions - “Water is the lifeblood of this planet. Every time a good is bought or sold there is a virtual exchange of water. Every time we interact with water, we change it, redirect it, or otherwise alter its state. Nov 11, · 1. Water Scarcity Essay Water Research - Words. GPH Water Research Project Joel Stauffer Over 70% of the Earth’s surface is covered in water, yet in the 21st century the people who roam this majestic planet are finding themselves in a situation facing water scarcity.
Water scarcity involves water crisis, water shortage, water deficit or water stress. Water scarcity can be due to physical water scarcity and economic water scarcity. Physical water scarcity refers to a situation where natural water resources are unable to meet a region’s demand and economic water scarcity is a result of poor water management resources. Water use has been growing at more than twice the rate f population increase in the last century, and, although there is no global water scarcity as such, an increasing number of regions are chronically short of water. Water scarcity is both a natural and a human-made phenomenon.