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Short Term Memory and Long Term Memory

long-term mem·o·ry (LTM),

❶Views Read Edit View history. Deficiencies in vitamin B1 and B12 specifically can affect memory.

Finding the Cause of Memory Loss

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long-term memory

Alcohol, tobacco , or drug use. Excessive alcohol use has long been recognized as a cause of memory loss. Smoking harms memory by reducing the amount of oxygen that gets to the brain. Studies have shown that people who smoke find it more difficult to put faces with names than do nonsmokers. Illicit drugs can change chemicals in the brain that can make it hard to recall memories.

Both quantity and quality of sleep are important to memory. Getting too little sleep or waking frequently in the night can lead to fatigue , which interferes with the ability to consolidate and retrieve information. Being depressed can make it difficult to pay attention and focus, which can affect memory. Stress and anxiety can also get in the way of concentration.

When you are tense and your mind is overstimulated or distracted, your ability to remember can suffer. Stress caused by an emotional trauma can also lead to memory loss. Good nutrition -- including high-quality proteins and fats -- is important to proper brain function. Deficiencies in vitamin B1 and B12 specifically can affect memory.

A severe hit to the head -- from a fall or automobile accident, for example -- can injure the brain and cause both short- and long-term memory loss.

Memory may gradually improve over time. A stroke occurs when the blood supply to the brain is stopped due to the blockage of a blood vessel to the brain or leakage of a vessel into the brain.

Strokes often cause short-term memory loss. A person who has had a stroke may have vivid memories of childhood events but be unable to recall what he or she had for lunch. Dementia is the name for progressive loss of memory and other aspects of thinking that are severe enough to interfere with the ability to function in daily activities.

Although there are many causes of dementia -- including blood vessel disease, drug or alcohol abuse , or other causes of damage to the brain -- the most common and familiar is Alzheimer's disease. Long-term memory definition of long-term memory by Medical dictionary https: Related to long-term memory: The ability of the brain to retain and to use knowledge gained from past experience is essential to the process of learning. Although the exact way in which the brain remembers is not completely understood, it is believed that a portion of the temporal lobe of the brain, lying in part under the temples, acts as a kind of memory center, drawing on memories stored in other parts of the brain.

See also memory cells and immune response. It is generally the last memory store to be destroyed in patients with Alzheimer's disease.

That phase of the memory process considered the permanent storehouse of information that has been registered, encoded, passed into the short-term memory, coded, rehearsed, and finally transferred and stored for future retrieval; material and information retained in LTM underlies cognitive abilities. Phase of memory process considered as the permanent storehouse of information that has been registered, encoded, passed into the short-term memory, then coded, rehearsed, and finally transferred and stored for future retrieval.

References in periodicals archive? The CL of both learners is an appropriate number of concepts to be held in working memory and therefore can be transferred to long-term memory and a more global network. Enhancing consciousness with cognitive load theory.

The outcomes of the Johansen Co-integration test suggest that there are three co-integrating equations among variables taken into consideration and, hence, there are long-term memory processes among these variables. Long term memory in foreign exchange market returns:

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Certain diseases and injuries can cause long-term memory loss by damaging the neocortex; however, these afflictions may cause permanent long-term memory loss. The NIH states that physical injuries, such as head trauma, can affect long-term memory; other possible causes for neocortex lesions are brain tumors and strokes.

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Long-term memory: A system for permanently storing, managing, and retrieving information for later use. Items of information stored as long-term memory may be available for a lifetime. Items of information stored .

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A severe hit to the head -- from a fall or automobile accident, for example -- can injure the brain and cause both short- and long-term memory loss. Memory may gradually improve over time. Memory may gradually improve over time. Short and Long Term Memory Overview. Short Term Memory. For the purpose of a discussion on memory loss, short term memory is equivalent to very recent memories, usually measured in minutes-to-days.

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Long-term memory definition is - memory that involves the storage and recall of information over a long period of time (such as days, weeks, or years) —abbreviation LTM. How to use long-term memory in a sentence. Short-term memory loss occurs when a person can remember incidents from 20 years ago but is fuzzy on the details of things that happened 20 minutes prior. Medical conditions and injuries can cause short-term memory loss.